Explore how the New Deal effected Toledo, Ohio


Unemployment in Toledo began to rapidly rise in 1931.  During 1930, according to the Merchants and Manufacturing Association, approximately 18, 000 Toledoans were out of work.  The Toledo Blade estimated in October 1930 that    15, 000 workers were unemployed.   

As the Great Depression worsened, unemployment in Toledo grew to  25% in 1932 and as high as 50% in 1933. 

Hungry and jobless, 60,000 residents received food from city warehouses in 1933 at the cost of $1.7 million in emergency assistance..   According to the Toledo Blade, 25, 000 meals were served at a aid facility in September 1931 at Terminal Building. 

Though  FDR's New Deal programs helped reduce unemployment in Ohio, the jobless rate remained at 15.9% in 1940.  It was not until the demand for war materials during World War II helpToledoans get back to work. 

"Hoovervilles" are shantytowns built by homeless people during the Great Depression.  Known as "Prosperity Row," this Hooverville was located along the Maumee River, 1933. 

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